Pet owners are going to experience massive health costs on their pets due to a misunderstanding of dietary fats in pet’s nutrition. The commercial producers of pet diets use inappropriate vegetable oils and those with home-based canine foods make them with higher protein content than fats. This area is hugely misunderstood and thus headed in the wrong direction.
A-Dietary fat in the wild
Wolves feed on a variety of food which is dependent on habitat, season, etc. They feed on flesh and consume both large and small animals depending on the availability of prey.
Wolves and dogs contain skin which is composed of a subcutaneous layer that is made up of fat that is important in controlling body temperature, cushioning the muscles and bones from mechanical injury.
When the wolves maximize the parts they feed on the prey including the skin, the fat content in their bodies is increased. This is important as the fat layer is continuously replenished and a proper understanding of how your dog’s body works is essential.
Unlike humans, dogs do not require carbohydrates for energy generation but use fats as energy sources and proteins to rebuild their muscles. Dogs like to store energy as a built-in safety mechanism.
When dogs consume fat deficient diets containing carbohydrates, their bodies store more of the carbohydrates in the body. The rise in obese canines is attributed to the overemphasis of carbohydrates in the diet. Many people believe that fat makes an animal fat which is not the case. The reason why we have many obese canines is that dogs would require to store twice as much the volume of carbohydrates in their body to produce energy which would have been gotten from fats.
Prey model diets, on the other hand, have lean meats that lack both fat and carbohydrates. This means that the canines will only utilize proteins for energy production which is even worse. The proteins result in the production of nitrogen-based toxins that are very difficult for the kidneys to filter. This overworks the kidney and distorts the cleansing mechanism.
Most homemade diets are usually deficient in fats and carbohydrates and this is where all goes wrong. If these diets had proper amounts of dietary fat for energy use, the byproducts such as carbon dioxide and water would be produced which are easier for the body to eliminate compared to nitrogen. The right proportions of dietary fat and having fewer carbohydrates in dogs’ diet would be of help in rectifying the imbalance.
C-The 3 Key Fats Every Raw Fed Dog Needs
To have a diet that is appropriate and healthy for canines, it would be prudent to use the following sources of fats mixed with the least processed and carefully prepared diets for the canines.
Raw pastured butter
Butter contains up to two- thirds (66.67%) saturated fats and one-third (33.33%) polyunsaturated fats. Saturated fats could mean many different types of fats. These fats contain short, medium, long and very long carbon links that pose a large number of health-related risks that we cannot exhaust.
It would be important to know the different kinds of fats available by looking them up on The Complete Primer for Understanding the Nutrition of Fats, Oils, And Cholesterol, by Mary G Enig Ph.D. This guide will help in understanding the roles saturated fats play concerning your dog’s overall health.
The saturated fats in butter lack double bonds and studies have recommended its use as the exposure to heat and sunlight does not create an unpleasant taste or smell. Also, butter contains butyric acid which is a short-chained saturated fat. It is very beneficial and proven to be better in diabetic, allergy, digestion and cancer-related issues.
If you feed your dog with pastures and especially raw butter, this would provide it with a 50/50 proportion of Omega-3, Omega-6 as well as beneficial vitamins such as A, D, K2, and E which are very beneficial to its health. This you can try with a teaspoon of butter per 20 pounds of its body weight every day.
Raw coconut oil or coconut butter
Coconut butter is a saturated fat containing lauric acid and caprylic acid which are medium-chain fatty acids. An antimicrobial lipid called monolaurin is derived from the digestion of lauric acid. On the other hand, caprylic acid fights yeast and produces capric acid which has also proven to be beneficial in studies related to diabetes and other health conditions.
Research has shown that these two acids are important as they improve the reasoning ability in older dogs. Raw virgin coconut oil and butter if included in the diet provides the dog with the necessary phytonutrients and fiber that are important in dogs’ diet. One could use a teaspoon per ten pounds of body weight per day to achieve this.
Raw Pastured egg yolks
Egg nutrient levels respond well to changes in diet. Research has shown that better fat ratios are produced from pastured hens that feed on grass and bugs. The Omega-3 in these eggs increases twice as much providing a better ratio of Omega-3 to Omega-6. These ratios provide better inflammatory and anti-inflammatory properties that are crucial to healing processes in dogs.
The egg yolk is the best choice for healthy incorporation in the diet. It provides for a variety of fats all of which are evenly distributed in terms of being saturated, monosaturated and polyunsaturated.
An addition of egg yolk to homemade diets that are limited to lean meats would do good as one egg yolk contains about 50 calories providing the dog with more energy during feeding.
Providing your dog with a wide range of diets containing low carbohydrates and uniform distribution of calories from protein and fat will ultimately be the best way to ensure his health is not compromised. They provide a base for the proper functioning of vitamins, minerals, enzymes, and other micronutrients.
There are different categories of fats and thus rotating these fats in the diets of dogs make sure the dog is healthy while enjoying all the health benefits of different fats. The major key to take home is the reduction of carbohydrates and increase in fat content in the dog’s diet.